Rule of Law on Global Security and Transitional Justice in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Societies
Publication Date : 01/10/2021
Transitional justice and the rule of law are frequently expected in conflict-affected societies, to be not only intertwined with one another, but to help to promote post-conflict or post-agreement stability. At the same time, a range of actors is engaged in rule of law promotion and the promotion of security sector reform over the past two decades, numerous processes have emerged to promote accountability, rule of law and security in fragile and conflict-affected states, developed by an ever- increasing number of actors at the local, national, regional and international levels. These actors have various and sometimes competing optional priorities, and operate simultaneously and sequentially in the context of situations in which change is both urgent, but necessarily long-term. This paper examines the interaction of transitional justice and rule of law and security sector reform, identifying key concepts, actors, processes and challenges in pursing multiple processes simultaneously. Documentary approach was used to collect relevant information obtained through content analysis of the literature on the phenomenon under study. The paper concludes that for rule of law, transitional justice and accountability of crime perpetrators to prevail in conflict environment, the reforms and incentives must be implemented simultaneously. The paper recommends that adequate planning of these related activities are done along with building institutions to ensure preservations of the transitional justice, involving diverse stakeholders like the local community and international organizations and agencies protecting human rights.
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