The security and sovereignty of the Nigerian State have been under threat as a result of the emergence and activities of insurgent groups, such as Boko Haram in the Northeast and other militant groups. Internal security has been significantly undercut by violent activities of civilian-in-arms against the Nigerian State. These have included radicalized religious and regional youth groups, prominent among are, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), O’Odua Peoples’ Congress (OPC), the Arewa People’s Congress (APC), Bakassi Boys, Egbesu Boys, the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra(MASSOP), ‘Kala-Kato’, and Ombatse, among others. The focus and scope of this paper therefore is to explore the phenomenon of terrorism/insurgency in Nigeria, the role of the justice system in Nigeria in curbing this menace. The methodology for this paper was Desk analysis of official documents, articles and other written sources. Based on an exploratory case study of empirical research and scholarly peer-reviewed articles, it appeared apparent that, there is need to strengthen the criminal justice system such as the courts in the dispensation of justice. This paper argued that, without addressing the efficiency of the court in dispensing justice alongside effective collaboration with relevant stakeholders, chances are that the purpose of the law to curb and deter terrorism and insurgency might not be achieved. Hence the need for re-conceptualizing the role of law in countering terrorism and insurgency in order to further improves its efficacy.
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