An Evaluation of the Practice of Federal System of Government in Nigeria
Publication Date : 01/01/2020
The basic minimal structures required for a country to lay claims to the practice of federalism, include a political system in which there is power sharing under a written constitution with a government consisting of at least two orders, a central government or federal and the government of the constituent units. Each order of government receives an allocation of financial resources tailored to their specific requirements. Nigeria has been a federal state since 1954. Today, she is the most populous country in African continent, with about 180 million people and blessed with over 250 different ethnic groups. These ethnic nationalities were living independently before the intrusion of the British Colonial Administration, who assembled them into a single country through the Lord Lugard 1914 amalgamation exercise and eventually got her independence in 1960. All along the people are faced with various crisis that seem to threaten the peace, security and unity of the country (Nigeria) as a single entity. This paper evaluates, Nigeria practice of federal system. In this direction, focus is on the clarification of the concept of federalism, brief historical background, types and reasons for the introduction of federalism in Nigeria; discussion on the subject matter, weather Nigeria as a country practice true federal system? Problems associated with Nigeria federal system, then conclusion and some useful recommendations.
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