A Survey of Return Intention of Internally Displaced Persons and the Possibility of Resource Based Crisis in North East of Nigeria
Publication Date : 29/09/2021
In the process of resettling displaced persons, the imperative of surveying the willingness of migrants to return instead of forceful resettlement cannot be overemphasized. Using mixed research methods, we surveyed the return intention of Displaced Persons in three North Eastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states. Supplemented by six (6) key informant interviewees and 1200 copies of structured questionnaire were administered in the three states and 1014 copies were successfully retrieved. The survey found that majority of the internally displaced persons do not wish to return to their original places of abode but rather require food and non-food interventions to support their livelihoods in their new places of residence. Though areas of competition over common pool resources such as forest, water and farmlands abound, the research found that due to similarity of culture and traditions in accessing the commons, there are few spots with possibility of crisis. The paper also found that traditional authorities play significant role in ensuring accommodation of displaced communities and preventing crisis especially in rural areas. The research recommended inter alia, awareness creation among internally displaced persons to enable them make informed decisions on whether to return or remain in their chosen places of residence.
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